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Abstract


INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL OF STUDENTS RESEARCH - VOLUME 1 ISSUE 2, June-Sept 2012

Pages: 56-67

BENIGN FIBRO-OSSEOUS LESIONS OF JAWS- A REVIEW

Author: Rashi Bahl, Sumeet Sandhu . Mohita Gupta

Category: Review Article

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Abstract:

Benign Fibro-osseous Lesions is a group of lesions in which normal bone is replaced initially by fibrous connective tissue and over a period of time, the lesion is infiltrated by osteoid and cementoid tissue. This is a benign and idiopathic process. Fibro-osseous lesions of the maxillofacial bones comprise a diverse group of pathologic conditions that include developmental lesions, reactive or dysplastic diseases, and neoplasms.  The concept of fibro-osseous lesions has evolved over the last several decades and now includes two major entities: fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma. The less common lesions include florid osseous dysplasia, periapical dysplasia, focal sclerosing osteomyelitis, proliferative  periostitis  of Garre, and osteitis deformans. It represents a diverse group of pathological conditions that includes developmental lesions, reactive or dysplastic diseases, and neoplasms. Owing to substantial overlap of the histopathologic findings, sub classification of Benign Fibro-osseous Lesions may be problematic. Despite the advances in the understanding of these conditions, fibro-osseous lesions continue to present problems in classification, diagnosis, and management due to multiple histological and radiographic similarities. The objective of this article is to review the most current clinic pathologic, radiographic, and molecular studies of Benign Fibro-osseous Lesions to aid the surgical pathologist in the recognition and diagnosis of this diverse group of maxillofacial lesions.

 

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