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Abstract


INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL OF STUDENTS RESEARCH - VOLUME 2 ISSUE 3, October 2014

Pages: 04-07

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE: MRSA IN DENTISTRY

Author: Dr. Pramod Tadakamalla 1 BDS, (MPH) Dr. Joseph Evans2 DDS

Category: Review Article

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Abstract:

Use of antibiotics in dentistry is a common scenario for treatment and prophylactic measures. Maximized use of these antibiotics augmented the outbreak of resistant bacterial infections caused by new strains like Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA). Increased prescriptions of antibiotics in dental treatments have posed a major threat of infectious diseases in patients leading to serious health concerns. This article reviews the history of MRSA and the mechanism of forming resistance. It also focuses on the clinical implications, management, and complications of these resistant Staphylococcal infections in dentistry. This article spotlights the preventive measures to be taken to prevent these infections and thereby supporting the rational use of antibiotics in dentistry.

Keywords: Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcal Infection, MRSA, MecA gene, resistance, clinical manifestations, management, prevention, complications.

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