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Abstract


INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL OF STUDENTS RESEARCH - VOLUME 2 ISSUE 4, January 2015

Pages: 16-22

DENTAL BIOMATERIALS AND A NOVEL COMPOSITE OF ZIRCONIA AND POLY ETHER ETHER KETONE [PEEK] FOR DENTAL IMPLANTS

Author: Dr. Murali Ramamoorthi1 Dr. Vivek Verma1 Dr. Zeeshan Sheikh2

Category: Review Article

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Abstract:

Restorative materials [filling, denture and implant materials] are designed to replicate the shape and function of natural teeth. Development in materials science, biotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics and biomechanics has dramatically improved the way we look at the replacement of components of human teeth. Restorative biomaterials are the foundation for the replacement of hard tissue and it is unique because of the complexity of the oral cavity, which includes microbial presence, high forces, ever changing pH and a warm and cold fluid environment. Success of a restorative biomaterial depends on its physical characteristics like mechanical properties, thermal properties, electrical properties, electrochemical properties, color, optical properties, and biological characteristics like biocompatibility along with local tissue physiology and systemic comorbidities of the recipient.   In this literature review we comprehensively analyze the ideal properties required for a successful dental implant material, limitations in present implant material and novel approach to manufacture a stress shielding free dental implant.

Keywords: Dental implants, Stress shielding, Restorative materials, Prosthodontics, Functionally graded implants

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