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Abstract


INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL OF STUDENTS RESEARCH - VOLUME 4, ISSUE 4, January 2017

Pages: 184-186

BEGINNER'S GUIDE TO BOTULINUM TOXIN: A GENERAL REVIEW

Author: IMON PAL, BIKRAMADITYA GHOSH

Category: Original Research

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Abstract:

Introduction: Botulinum toxin is the poisonous neurotoxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. Scientists have developed methods to use it for the betterment of mankind, utilizing its neurotoxic effects for the treatment of various disorders. Many diseases do not have complete or permanent treatment, in such cases the toxin can be used through "chemo denervation" (10) method to give temporary relief to the patient

Objective: The aim of the study is to review the general information of the botulinum toxin- its mechanism of action, uses, contraindication, effects etc.

Study design: An extensive literature search was carried on and the articles were thoroughly studied

Results: Research and previous studies have shown that the neurotoxin gives positive results for the treatment of various disorders in both medical and dental field.

Conclusion: Botulinum toxin indeed provides a justifiable alternative to other more invasive procedures and thus clinicians including dentists should encourage its use for treatment of various disorders. Further research will also be necessary for gaining more knowledge about the neurotoxin and its effects.

DOI: 10.18231/2278-3784.2016.0002

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